LMTD AND NTU METHODS PDF

E-NTU Method (Effectiveness – N TU method). Note, in most heat exchanger design problems, we don’t. know the fluid outlet temperatures, ie. Tiour or Tribut. TA. Summary of lmtd and e ntu. The Log Mean Temperature Difference Method ( LMTD) The Logarithmic Mean Temperature Difference(LMTD) is. Q: What is the real difference between the LMTD (logarithmic mean temperature difference) and NTU (number of transfer units) methods for analyzing heat.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Each HCRR curve flattens to a maximum value of Effectiveness as was the case for the pure single pass parallel flow heat exchanger.

NTU method

Engineered Software Knowledge Base. The HCR of a fluid is a measure of its ability to release or absorb heat.

Retrieved from ” https: Voltage drop, current, and electrical resistance lmt analogous to pressure drop, anx flow, and hydraulic resistance, which are analogous to the temperature difference, heat transfer rate, and thermal resistance. Therefore the effectiveness is given by:. Powered by Atlassian Confluence 6. The Configuration Correction Factor CF accounts for the deviation of the internal flow pattern of the actual heat exchanger from that of a single pass counter current flow pattern.

The Temperature Effectiveness P is the ratio of the tube side temperature change to the maximum temperature difference across the heat exchanger.

NTU method – Wikipedia

After calculating P and R, CF is then determined graphically using the location of the P value on the appropriate R curve. Evaluating both the hydraulic and thermal conditions of a system can be a daunting task for any engineer and is often divided into different groups who specialize in a specific field.

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The other fluid would change temperature more quickly along the heat exchanger length. Similarly, a heat exchanger is sized and selected to meet the thermal requirements of the system, which includes the design heat transfer lmte at a true mean temperature difference across the heat exchanger.

The thermal capacity of a heat exchanger is its ability to transfer heat between two fluids at different temperatures. As with any mltd problem, there are various ways to approach a solution when sizing and selecting a heat exchanger or analyzing its thermal performance.

It is a function of the heat exchanger design and the fluid properties on both sides.

The Temperature Difference Ratio R is the ratio of the temperature change across the shell side to the temperature difference across the tube side. This page was last edited on 17 Octoberat Hence in this special case the heat exchanger behavior is independent of the flow arrangement. Lavine Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer ,6th edition, pp — Resulting in less heat transfer and higher outlet fluid temperatures, which emthods to off-quality production, exceeding environmental limits, or creating safety hazards that require mitigation.

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Configuration Correction Factor CF The Configuration Correction Factor CF accounts for the mrthods of the internal flow pattern of the actual heat exchanger from that of a single pass counter current flow pattern.

To determine the CF, two temperature difference ratios P and R must first be calculated from the four fluid temperatures entering and leaving the heat exchanger. Effectiveness is dimensionless quantity between 0 and 1. The maximum possible heat transfer rate is achieved if the fluid with the minimum value of HCR experiences the maximum dT across the heat exchanger.

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Temperature Effectiveness P The Temperature Effectiveness P is the ratio of the tube side temperature change to the maximum temperature difference across the heat exchanger.

Views Read Edit View history. To define the effectiveness of a heat exchanger we need to find the maximum possible heat transfer that can be hypothetically achieved in a counter-flow heat exchanger of infinite length. For this configuration, the Maximum Effectiveness for a given HCRR curve is greater than that for a pure single pass parallel flow configuration. Resolved comments Export to PDF. Both methods share common parameters and concepts and will arrive at the same solution to heat exchanger thermal capacity.

Summary Piping systems are built to transport fluid to do work, transfer heat, and make a product. A properly sized heat exchanger must have some excess capacity to account for fouling that will occur during operation but significant oversizing results in higher capital and unnecessary installation costs for thermal capacity.

The HCR is calculated for both fluids as the product of the mass flow rate times the specific heat capacity of the fluid. Wiley, New York F. The relationship between these three parameters depends on the type of heat exchanger and the lmdt flow pattern. The thermal capacity UA qnd to achieve the heat transfer rate is determined by re-arranging the NTU equation after determining the value of NTU for the particular heat exchanger configuration.